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The Sugar Molecule in a Nucleotide is?
So Friends! Nucleotides are the building blocks of nucleic acids, which include DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). Each nucleotide is composed of three main components: a sugar molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
The sugar molecule in a nucleotide is a crucial component because it forms the backbone of the nucleic acid polymer. In DNA, the sugar is specifically deoxyribose, a pentose sugar with five carbon atoms. Deoxyribose differs from ribose (found in RNA) by the absence of an oxygen atom on the 2′ carbon, hence the name “deoxy.”
This difference in sugar structure is a fundamental distinction between DNA and RNA, contributing to their unique functions. Pentose sugars, like deoxyribose, are called “pentose” because they have five carbon atoms.
Also Read – Which of the Following is Not a Real Account?
Other common examples of pentose sugars include ribose in RNA and various sugar derivatives in cellular metabolism, such as ribulose and xylose. These sugars play essential roles in various biological processes, including energy production and genetic information storage and transfer.
That’s why, Out of all the options given below, Option (A) “Pentose” is the correct answer.
- (A) Pentose
- (B) Hexose
- (C) Tetrose
- (D) TrioseRead
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